10 May

Article By: Nissi Charis Asante Wiafe, YRE National Competition 2024 (Category: 11-14 years)

Sapor, an agricultural community located approximately 7 kilometers from Akosombo in the Asuogyaman District of Ghana's Eastern Region (interviewer’s travel time) with a population of 3,527 (Asuogyaman District Health Population, 2024). Despite its proximity to the Akosombo Hydroelectric Power Plant, the village lacks electricity and communication network access. An interview with the chiefs and assemblyman revealed that the main problems of the community constitute; poor transport and communication systems, infrastructure, and waste management challenges, among others.

The report will examine waste management in the Sapor market.

Sapor supplies agricultural produce to numerous districts, with traders travelling from nearby towns and cities. The market area is in a state of disrepair, with some sheds deteriorating to the point of being hazardous. Additionally, there is a lack of modern toilet facilities, potable water sources, and approved waste disposal sites within the market premises (Honourable Noah Tetteh, Sapor and Adjena Donnor Electoral Area, the chiefs and opinion leaders of Sarpor)

Nissi Charis Asante Wiafe with the Assembly Man of Sapor and Adjena Donor Electoral Area
Disposing of waste in the Sapor market poses a significant challenge, as the market does not have a facility for this purpose. The current unapproved refuse dump covers approximately an acre of land, and the only method employed for waste management is burning, which contributes to air pollution. An alternative approach could involve segregating the waste into organic and inorganic components. The organic waste could be utilized as manure for farms, potentially improving crop yields, while the inorganic waste could be exchanged for cash through recycling or other means.

The absence of a modern water facility and proper toilet facility at the Sapor market has led to several people urinating indiscriminately. The interviewer spotted several people urinating at the refuse site.

Traditional toilet facility at Sapor Market (Atonko)

To address the challenges faced by Sapor, the following recommendations are proposed: The authorities should improve road infrastructure, and an approved dumping site to enhance accessibility and transportation. As a matter of urgency, develop an approved waste management system, including segregation of organic and inorganic waste, composting facilities, and recycling initiatives. In addition, construct modern toilet facilities and establish a potable water supply within the market premises.

Nissi Charis, standing at Sapor Market Dumping Site

While Sapor plays a vital role in supplying agricultural produce to numerous districts, the market faces significant challenges related to infrastructure, access to basic amenities, waste management, and potential health risks. Addressing these issues through targeted interventions and development initiatives is crucial for ensuring the well-being of Sapor's residents and easing potential adverse effects on a broader scale.

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